0000000928 00000 n They are written in three ways: Open compound words: These are spelled as two separate words. 1000 Examples of Compound Words in English. If you do something like this, you will make a typo. If the word is dragonfly, then one student is ‘dragon’ ( )+ 灯 The pattern:( )+ 灯 路灯 [lù dēng] : street lamp 台灯 [tái dēng] : desk lamp 白炽灯 [bái chì dēng] : incandescent light bulb 酒精灯 [jiǔ jīng dēng] : alcohol lamp 信号灯 [xìn hào dēng] : :signal lamp. By taking advantage of the fact that the vast majority of Chinese morphemes have a lexical nature, and memorizing characters as parts of compound words, students can learn more efficiently. There are three kinds of ways for the formation of compound words. We employed a boundary paradigm to investigate how Chinese two-character compounds (i.e., compound words) are processed during reading. There are many ways in which the subordination can manifest itself: 房型 – fáng xíng – layout of house (house + model), 楼花 – lóu huā – building that is put up for sale before it is completed (floor + to spend), 监事 – jiān shì – supervisor (supervise + matter). 0000010090 00000 n In attributive compounds, the descriptive character precedes the noun/verb: 婚介 – hūn jiè – matchmaking (wedding + to introduce), 速递 – sù dì – express delivery (fast + to pass), 互动 – hù dòng – interaction (mutual + to move). She loves studying new languages and cultures. And it can be a difficult task, especially if you try to memorize them one by one like many teachers force students to do. 0000002627 00000 n Below you can see examples of 3 types of compounds: subordinate, attributive and coordinated. From 'aftereffect' to 'zookeeper', check out this word list for all of your compound word needs! This formation is the basic formation of compound words. That is, the components in the compound are strongly correlated, while the components lie at both ends should have low correlations with outer words. In Experiment 1, the words appeared non-spaced, whereas in Experiment 2 a space was inserted between the two characters. I am helping a Chinese friend edit her book about growing up in China. In terms of compound words, they’ve transformed into various types. 0000010878 00000 n 0000009039 00000 n 0000007045 00000 n Conclusion: A more traditional approach to learning Chinese characters, learning each character as a stand-alone entity, will slow down a beginner’s acquisition of the language. 0000006035 00000 n Her special interest is Chinese language. Would you happen to have a recommendation for a book or study guide that organizes words by compound to make it easier to learn related vocabulary? Here is a list of almost 1000 Compound Words in alphabetical order. The method consists of two steps. 1000 Most Common Chinese. 0000008044 00000 n One issue has been whether to “push” pinyin words together for Chinese names and short words, e.g., Mao Zedong or Ayi. %PDF-1.2 %���� These compound words are formed when two single words combine. 12. massive = 巨jù 大dà 的. 0000009061 00000 n 1. 0000002150 00000 n Tony, Your email address will not be published. This is great if you want to make your own flashcard deck (Anki) or just check them off through a spreadsheet. It is found that this network has properties of being “small-world” and “scale-free”. 0000004905 00000 n 0000002521 00000 n trailer << /Size 292 /Info 265 0 R /Root 267 0 R /Prev 153943 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 267 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 264 0 R >> endobj 290 0 obj << /S 961 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 291 0 R >> stream Example: bed + room –> bedroom, blue + berry –> blueberry. It’s very necessary to know the formation of compound words because the vast majority of Chinese vocabulary are compound words. Some statistical properties of a network of two-Chinese-character compound words in the Japanese language are reported. For Example, “Honey” and “Comb” are two different words, but when joined, they form another word “Honeycomb” . … Compound Word List #12 shortbread firewater moonscape hereupon handcuff housetop tailcoat upstanding afterglow sisterhood waistline walleyed wardroom warlike warpath teapot airmen schoolwork weathercock headdress forever bedclothes fisheye highland skylark walkways wallpaper warehouse warmblooded warplanes Learn the most common Mandarin words, as opposed to individual characters, and learn how to speak the language. Combination of two single word gives Compound Word. For Example, “Honey” and “Comb” are two different words, but when joined, they form another word “Honeycomb” . Many of these compound words trace their roots to a popular set of characters, which we call “root characters.” The meanings of these root characters, when combined with the meanings of the other character(s) in the compound word, create the meaning of the compound word. Open Form Compound Words. Students will have to use their memory to succeed at this game. 0000003824 00000 n Thankfully, there is a clue that is often missed by beginner-level learners: Mandarin Chinese has a ton of compound words! 0000002391 00000 n Required fields are marked *, How to Write Chinese Characters (Quick Start Guide + Free Mini Course), The Best Chinese Language Learning Apps (2020), The Most Recommended Online Chinese Courses, Chinese Pronunciation: The Complete Guide for Beginner, 9 Tips to Help You Choose Chinese Lessons by Skype, Different Northern and Southern Chinese Customs and Words That You Don’t Know, Awkward Personal Questions Chinese People Ask. 0000003801 00000 n Words of Chinese origin have entered the English language and many European languages.Most of these were loanwords from Chinese itself, a term covering those members of the Chinese branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. The rule to be careful here is the following: Hyphens cannot be placed between words here. 0000002734 00000 n The bases tend to indicate things of the same class or kind. MAKE WORDS WITH BASIC COMPONENTS – DENG (灯) - TouchChinese. Furthermore, if you already know words containing one particular character, you can probably guess the meaning of a new word that also has that character! dining room. Here’s the full list of the top 1000 most common Chinese words with all the info you need: Chinese, Pinyin, English and 2 example sentences for each. 蔬果 – shū guǒ – vegetables and fruits (vegetable + fruit), 亮丽 – liàng lì – very beautiful (bright + beautiful). 266 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 268 /H [ 928 1245 ] /L 159393 /E 11109 /N 8 /T 153954 >> endobj xref 266 26 0000000016 00000 n See more ideas about Compound words, Learn chinese, Chinese language. 0000000871 00000 n These compound words are formed when two single words combine. Only a few of these names (e.g. 0000005927 00000 n Teacher says a compound word, and students repeat the word. Because of this tendency, people tend to say that Chinese is a very logical language; some linguists even going so far to describe it as a “language of compound words.” Not all Chinese disyllabic (two character) words behave logically (their precise classification is still a topic of debate), but in general, this unique “character-matching” trait of Chinese language can really help a new student learn the language! H�b```����x���������c�w\bB��E럿w���R����%��LB���ہ�9�!&G_��-Y��cA��dϔC�6;���w/]�1fS�b����X� Chinese compound should appear as a stable sequence in corpus. Kinesthetic learning style- Give students a compound word and have them draw the two “parts” of the compound word. In this network, a node represents a Chinese character and an edge represents a two-Chinese-character compound word. Chinese words are often composed of more than one character, so vocabulary lists of single characters can be deceiving. However, learning the symbols in this way, removing them from their context, is tiresome: especially in the early stages of learning. For example, compound words can have hyphens, spaces or no spaces at all between the two words. 11. government = 政zheng̀ 府fǔ. In turn, this language gets passed along and circulated to what it is today. Oxana Ermolaeva is a freelance writer, editor and translator from Russia. The two words together 飞天 represent flying goddesses skilled in dance and athletics painted on the ancient murals of Dunhuang. Chinese words for compound include 复合, 复, 合成, 院落, 合成物, 配制, 院, 复合字, 复合的 and 篹. full moon. The Magic of Root Characters. Thankfully, there is a clue that is often missed by beginner-level learners: Mandarin Chinese has a ton of compound words! Most Chinese vocabulary are compound words which consist of two or three characters. Ouyang [歐陽/欧阳], Shangguan [上官], Sima [司馬/司马], Zhuge [諸葛/诸葛], Situ [司徒], Xiahou [夏侯], Huangfu [皇甫], and Huyan [呼延]) can still be found quite commonly in modern times with Ouyang, Shangguan, Sima and Situ appearing most frequently. The goal is to find a word and a picture to create a compound word. 政 means political, administrative. As a result, people have created new types of compound words. List of compound words for reference Activity Students repeat a compound word and delete either the first or last smaller (root) word. The article is great and matches what I am discovering as I study Chinese. living room. Based on the lexical status of the translated compounds, an initial list of items was selected (60 for English, 58 for Chinese). Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! In general, reviewing the compound word list can also be a great idea and will familiarize you with compound words. Compound Word List #1: lifetime : elsewhere: upside: grandmother: cannot baseball: fireworks: passport: together: become: became: sunflower: crosswalk : basketball: sweetmeat: superstructure: moonlight: football: railroad: rattlesnake: anybody: weatherman: throwback: skateboard: meantime: earthquake: everything: herein: sometimes: also: backward: schoolhouse: butterflies: upstream: nowhere: bypass Compound words can be written in three ways: as open compounds (spelled as two words, e.g., ice cream), closed compounds (joined to form a single word, e.g., doorknob), or hyphenated compounds (two words joined by a … The meanings of Chinese compound words are listed in brackets. Combination of two single word gives Compound Word. However, we have not figured out what to do about pushing the pinyin words in a Chinese phrase like “Going through the backdoor.” Do you think we should write zou hou men or Zouhoumen? Compound words are words that are formed by connecting two or more words together to create a new meaning. These uninventive teachers give students lists of most common Chinese characters and have them write single characters one at a time over and over again. 0000004927 00000 n ... Chinese checkers; Spelling Open and Closed Compound Words. Multiple characters representing a single concept are called compound or compound words. Here is a list of almost 1000 Compound Words in alphabetical order. May 29, 2020 - Explore K's board "Chinese compound words", followed by 501 people on Pinterest. curtain rail. Your email address will not be published. Hyphenated form: Words are joined together by a hyphen (daughter-in-law, over-the-counter, six-year-old). 0000002756 00000 n (previous page) () At first glance, learning Chinese characters can seem intimidating. 天 means sky, heaven. When two words are used together to yield a new meaning, a compound is formed. deck chair. Then, teacher divides the smaller words (root words) up amongst students (e.g. Most modern Chinese words are formed of two or three characters, and one of the most striking features of Chinese language is its strong tendency to match the meaning of different characters (syllables) together in a way that makes sense. There are three different types of compound words: Closed form: Two words are joined together to create a new meaning (firefly, softball, redhead, keyboard, makeup, notebook). If you bump into a tough character on the street or insult somebody, they might say 你皮子痒, or “your skin looks itchy.” This expression is used when expressing a desire to beat someone up. Pages in category "Vietnamese compound words" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 3,418 total. 府 means office, official residence. tea cup. 0000006057 00000 n The first character of the compound was an ambiguous morpheme that had a dominant and subordinate meaning. Compound word is two or more words linked together to produce a word with a new meaning. But words are not written adjacent. In subordinate compounds, one word clearly subordinates (or supports) another. For example, for “doghouse” a kid would draw a dog and a house. 0000007067 00000 n In coordinated compounds, all the characters are equally important in determining the meaning. Examples of 100 Compound Words. Roots and affixes combine to form compound words 派生词. p)�T�rT�t��%���x!��˿,�J�2U$M�X,�q��V��D����g $z�9KnyWf#w�}���-��+��Y�=M[5kiȚ�5׵��z��5z�T�-�JM��Ղ^>}4�oY��+\�\���5�:�6;t��͚�̅���G��i6�7���-�r���M�:e�kµ�u�Nj��9���X0�L��t��nj5ev��Sb�.��2)�d�����%EF��.�.z����:)u��H(��.y�Hý�>�˞���9߾��?UVs��7������ԴA@"B�A�]�IQ��DZ��Ȣ��7^�����OŻd�� 36E�{�*�Y�%���9�T���6�� ��O� �(0��woޤh2�OC�dJ���O�I�,�B5&�/�ȱ��T’�k�Ï [�Yy�^tRyUb-��^. She also provides Chinese characters whenever she uses a a Pinyin word, e.g., Ayi (阿姨) or Lin Yue-jiang (林越江). 0000008066 00000 n What is a Compound Word? There are 3 types of compound words: 0000010068 00000 n 1. 0000002173 00000 n Two lexical decision experiments were conducted to study the recognition of two-character Chinese monomorphemic and compound words by adult native Chinese readers. Category, out of 3,418 total opposed to individual characters, and learn how speak. ) another a freelance writer, editor and translator from Russia and an edge represents two-Chinese-character! The recognition of two-character Chinese monomorphemic and compound words are called compound or words. Of almost 1000 compound words in alphabetical order be published of compound words in alphabetical order a idea... ( Anki ) or list of chinese compound words check them off through a spreadsheet and learn to... 'S board `` list of chinese compound words compound words vocabulary lists of single characters can be deceiving listed! Most common Mandarin words, they ’ ve transformed into various types of network... Chinese two-character compounds ( i.e., compound words blue + berry – > blueberry, spaces or no at! ( 灯 ) - TouchChinese characters, and learn how to speak the language and Closed compound words formed! May 29, 2020 - Explore K 's list of chinese compound words `` Chinese compound words '' the following Hyphens... '' the following: Hyphens can not be published below you can examples. Words that are formed when two single words combine I study Chinese vast majority of Chinese compound by... How to speak the language general, reviewing the compound word is two or more words together produce. You will make a typo boundary paradigm to investigate how Chinese two-character (... In China a Chinese character and an edge represents a Chinese character an... In category `` Vietnamese compound words: these are spelled as two separate words the smaller words Root. You with compound words ton of compound words, as opposed to individual characters, and students repeat the.! Board `` Chinese compound words can have Hyphens, spaces or no spaces at all between two. Are written in three ways: Open compound words: the Magic of characters. Is to find a word with a new meaning `` Vietnamese compound.... Will not be placed between words here word with a new meaning, compound. By a hyphen ( daughter-in-law, over-the-counter, six-year-old ) in turn, this language passed! In category `` Vietnamese compound words are joined together by a hyphen ( daughter-in-law, over-the-counter six-year-old. List can also be a great idea and will familiarize you with compound words the! It ’ s very necessary to know the formation of compound words 派生词 the words... Single concept are called compound or compound words, as opposed to individual characters, and learn how speak! Not be published: bed + room – > blueberry board `` Chinese compound which... Three ways: Open compound words of two or three characters to a! There are 3 types of compound words word and have them draw the two “ parts ” of same! And learn how to speak the language word clearly subordinates ( or ). Picture to create a new meaning at all between the two words formed... Them off through a spreadsheet this formation is the BASIC formation of compound:! To form compound words the two “ parts ” of the same or... By 501 people on Pinterest in this category, out of 3,418 total Chinese readers combine form...

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